【Linux】Ubuntu16.04安装mysql5.7
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1、下载tar包,这里使用wget从官网下载

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

2、将mysql安装到/usr/local/mysql下

# 解压

tar -xvf mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

# 移动

mv mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/

# 重命名

mv /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql

3、新建data目录

mkdir /usr/local/mysql/data

4、新建mysql用户、mysql用户组

# mysql用户组

groupadd mysql

# mysql用户

useradd mysql -g mysql

5、将/usr/local/mysql的所有者及所属组改为mysql

chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

6、配置

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

# 如果出现以下错误:

2018-07-14 06:40:32 [WARNING] mysql_install_db is deprecated. Please consider switching to mysqld --initialize
2018-07-14 06:40:32 [ERROR]   Child process: /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqldterminated prematurely with errno= 32
2018-07-14 06:40:32 [ERROR]   Failed to execute /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --bootstrap --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --lc-messages-dir=/usr/local/mysql/share --lc-messages=en_US --basedir=/usr/local/mysql
-- server log begin --

-- server log end --

# 则使用以下命令:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --initialize

# 如果出现以下错误:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: error while loading shared libraries: libnuma.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

# 则执行以下命令:

yum -y install numactl

# 完成后继续安装:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --initialize

# 编辑/etc/my.cnf

[mysqld]
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
socket=/tmp/mysql.sock
user=mysql
port=3306
character-set-server=utf8
# 取消密码验证
skip-grant-tables # Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks symbolic-links=0 # skip-grant-tables [mysqld_safe] log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid

7、开启服务

# 将mysql加入服务

cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

# 开机自启

chkconfig mysql on

# 开启

service mysql start

若是启动报错如下:


查了资料说是需要安装mariaDB,命令如下:

# yum install mariadb -y //如果已安装可以省略
# systemctl start mariadb.service //启动服务
# systemctl enable mariadb.service //开机启动服务
# mysql -u root -p //登录mysql

但是Ubuntu没有yum命令,百度后使用apt-get install yum, 执行时报如下错误,apt-get命令未满足依赖;


处理方式:先去usr/bin/下查看是否存在apt-get命令,存在的话先使用apt-get -f install补齐相依套件。

安装yum命令:apt-get install yum

然后打算安装MariaDB的时候有报错了:


报这试试的心理,又去启动了一下mysql,竟然成功了。。具体什么原因造成前面的Unit mysql.server not found也不清楚,大概是套件未补齐?

然后就next:

8、设置密码

# 登录(由于/etc/my.cnf中设置了取消密码验证,所以此处密码任意)

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p

# 操作mysql数据库

>>use mysql;

# 修改密码

>>update user set authentication_string=password('你的密码') where user='root';

>>flush privileges;

>>exit;

9、将/etc/my.cnf中的skip-grant-tables删除

10、登录再次设置密码(不知道为啥如果不再次设置密码就操作不了数据库了)

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p

 >>ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '修改后的密码';

>>exit;

11、允许远程连接

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p

>>use mysql;

>>update user set host='%' where user = 'root';

>>flush privileges;

>>eixt;

12、添加快捷方式

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin

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